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Journal Articles & Published Material

Caine, K.J. and N. Krogman. 2010. Powerful of just plain Power-full? A Powerful analysis of Impact Benefit Agreements in Canada’s North. Organization & Environment, 23(1): 76-98.

Couch, W. J. 2002. Strategic resolution of policy, environmental and socio-economic impacts in Canadian Arctic diamond mining: BHP's NWT diamond project. Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal, 20(4): 265-278.

Fidler, C. 2009. Increasing the sustainability of a resource development: Aboriginal engagement and negotiated agreements. Environment, Development and Sustainability, 12(2): 233-244.

Fidler, C. & Hitch, M. 2007.  Impact and benefit agreements: A contentious issue for environmental and aboriginal justice. Environments Journal, 35(2): 45-69.

Galbraith, L., Bradshaw, B. & Rutherford, M. B. 2007. Towards a new supraregulatory approach to environmental assessment in Northern Canada. Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal, 25(1): 27-41.

Gibson, G. & O’Faircheallaigh, C. 2010. IBA Community Toolkit: Negotiation and Implementation of Impact and Benefit Agreements. Commissioned by the Walter and Duncan Gordon Foundation: Toronto, ON. March 2010.

Gibson, R. 2006. Sustainability assessment and conflict resolution: Reaching agreement to proceed with the Voisey’s Bay nickel mine, Journal of CleanerProduction 14(3-4): 334-48.

Illsley, B. M. 2002. Good Neighbour Agreements: the first step to environmental justice? Local Environment, 7(1): 69-79.

Isaac, T. & Knox, A. 2004. Canadian Aboriginal Law: Creating Certainty in Resource Development, University of New Brunswick Law Journal, 53(3).

Justus, R., & Simonetta, J. 1982. Oil Sands, Indians and SIA in Northern Alberta. In C. C. Geisler, D. Usner, & R. Green. West (Eds.), Indian SIA:  the social impact assessment of rapid resource development on Native Peoples (pp. 238-257). Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Keeping, J. 1997. Local Benefits and Mineral Rights Disposition in the Northwest Territories:  Law and Policy. In M. M. Ross & J. O. Saunders (Eds.), Disposition of Natural Resources:  Options and Issues for Northern Lands (pp. 180-210). Yellowknife: Canadian Institute of Resource Law.

Keeping, J.  1997.  Assurance of benefits to local communities: the law applicable in the Northwest Territories.  Calgary: Canadian Institute of Resources Law.

Keeping, J. 1999. Local Benefits from Mineral Development: The Law Applicable in the Northwest Territories. Calgary: Canadian Institute of Resource Law.

Keeping, J. 1999-2000. The Legal and Constitutional Basis for Benefits Agreements: A Summary. Northern Perspectives, 25(4).

Kennett, S. 1999. A Guide to Impact and Benefits Agreements. Calgary: Canadian Institute of Resource Law.

Kennett, S. 1999.
Issues and Options for a Policy on Impact and Benefit Agreements for the Northern Territories. Calgary: Canadian Institute of Resource Law.

Natural Resources Canada. 2008. Agreements between Mining Companies and Aboriginal Communities and Governments. (MAP)

North-South Institute.  2006. “Dealing Full Force”:  Lutsel K’e Dene First Nation’s Experience Negotiating with Mining Companies.

O'Faircheallaigh, C. 1999. Making Social Impact Assessment Count:  A Negotiation-Based Approach for Indigenous Peoples. Society and Natural Resources, 12(1), 63-80.

O'Faircheallaigh, C. 1999-2000.
An Australian Perspective on Impact and Benefit Agreements. Northern Perspectives, 25(1).

O'Faircheallaigh, C. 2004. Evaluating agreements between indigenous peoples and resource developers. In M. Langton, M. Tehan, L. Palmer, and K. Shain (eds.), Honour Among Nations? Treaties and Agreements with Indigenous Peoples, 303-328. Melbourne, Australia: Melbourne University Press.

O'Faircheallaigh, C. & Corbett, T. 2005. Indigenous Participation in Environmental Management of Mining Projects: The Role of Negotiated Agreements. Environmental Politics, 14(5).

O'Reilly, K. 1999-2000. Aboriginal Peoples and Impact and Benefit Agreement:  Summary of the Report of a National Workshop. Northern Perspectives, 25(1): 1-6.

Prno, J. 2007. Have IBAs worked? Canadian Diamonds, Fall 2007: 32-40.

Prno, J. and B. Bradshaw 2008. Program evaluation in a northern, Aboriginal setting: Assessing Impact and Benefit Agreements. Journal of Aboriginal Economic Development, 6(1) 59-75.

Ross, B. 2004.
The Independent Environmental Watchdog:  A Canadian Experiment in EIA Follow-up. In J. Arts (Ed.), Assessing Impact:  Handbook of EIA and SEA Follow-up (pp. 178-192). Sterling, VA: Earthscan.

Tollefson, C., & Wipond, K. 1998. Cumulative Environmental Impacts and Aboriginal Rights. Environmental Impact Assessment Review, 18(4), 371-390.

Trebeck, K. 2007. Tools for the Dissempowered? Indigenous Leverage Over Mining Companies. Australian Journal of Political Science 42(4), 541-562.

Theses & Dissertations

Birk, J. 2009. The Relationship between Environmental Agreements and Environmental Impact Assessment Follow-up in Saskatchewan's Uranium Industry. MSc Thesis, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon: SK.

Chouinard, R. 2009. Investigating complex-value-based community mine education strategies : a case study with the Tlicho community in the Wek’eezhii region Northwest Territories, Canada. MASc Thesis, The University of British Columbia. 

Dreyer, D. 2004. Impact and Benefits Agreements : Do the Ross River Dena benefit from Mineral Projects? University of Northern British Columbia, Prince George: BC.

Fidler, C. 2008. Aboriginal Participation in Mineral Development: Environmental Assessment and Impact and Benefit Agreements. MASc Thesis, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver: BC.

Galbraith, L. 2005. Understanding the Need for Supraregulatory Agreements in Environmental Assessment:  An Evaluation from the Northwest Territories, Canada. MA Thesis, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby: BC.

Gibson, V. 2008. Negotiated spaces : work, home and relationships in the Dene diamond economy. Ph.D. Dissertation, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver: BC.

Hitch, M. 2005. Impact and Benefit Agreements and the Political Ecology of Mineral Development in Nunavut. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Waterloo: Waterloo: ON. 

Lukas-Amulung, S. 2009. The Rules of Engagement? Negotiated Agreements and Environmental Assessment in the Northwest Territories, Canada. MA Thesis, Royal Roads University, Victoria: BC.

Prno, J. 2007. Assessing the effectiveness of Impact and Benefit Agreements from the perspective of their Aboriginal signatories. MA Thesis, Department of Geography, University of Guelph, Guelph: ON.

Qureshy, S. 2006. How Mineral Exploration Companies Seek Access to First Nation Territory. Norman PatersonSchool of International Affairs. MA Thesis, Carleton University, Ottawa: ON

Siebenmorgen, P. 2009. Developing An Ideal Mining Agenda: Impact and Benefit Agreements as Instruments of Community Development in Northern Ontario. MA Thesis, Department of Geography. Guelph University, Guelph: ON

Technical Reports, Conference Presentations & Working Papers

Brubacher & Associates. 2002. The Nanisivik Legacy in Arctic Bay: A Socio-Economic Impact Study. Prepared for the Department of Sustainable Development, Government of Nunavut.

Canadian Institute of Resource Law. 1997. Independent Review of the BHP Diamond Mine Process. Calgary: CIRL.

Diges, C. 2008. The Aboriginal Tool-kit: what every mining principal needs to know when dealing with Aboriginal Peoples in Canada, McMillan Binch Mendelsoh LLP.

Diges, C. 2008. Sticks and Bones: Is your IBA Working? Amending and Enforcing Impact Benefit Agreements, McMillan Binch Mendelsoh LLP.

Dreyer, D. & Myers, H. 2004. Impact and Benefits Agreements: Do the Ross River Dena benefit from Mineral Projects? Submitted to North Land Use Institute and the University of Northern British Columbia.

Fidler, C. & Hitch, M. 2009. Used and Abused: Negotiated Agreements. Paper presented at Rethinking Extractive Industry, York University, Toronto. March 5-7, 2009.

Gross, J.  2005. Community Benefits Agreements:  Making Development Projects Accountable.

Irlbacher-Fox, S. & Mills, S. J. 2008. Devolution and Resource Revenue Sharing in the Canadian North: Achieving Fairness Across Generation

Jacobs, D. 2006. Consulting and Accommodating First Nations in Canada: A Duty That Reaps Benefits. Paper presented to the National Claims Research Workshop, October 7, 2002. 

Keeping, J.  1998.  Thinking about benefits agreements: an analytical framework. Northern Minerals Program Working Paper No. 4.  Yellowknife: Canadian Arctic Resources Committee.

Kennett, S. 2001. Project-Specific Environmental Agreements in the NWT: Review of Issues and Options.  Draft report prepared for DIAND, NWT Region.

Kishchuk, P. 2006. Socio-economic Effects Handbook for Yukon Mining, Oil and Gas Projects. Prepared for Department of Energy, Mines and Resources, Government of Yukon. Whitehorse.

Kishchuk, P. 2001. Yukon Benefits Agreements: Policy Options. Prepared for Department of Economic Development, Government of Yukon. Whitehorse.

Klein, H.,Donihee, J. & Stewart, G. 2004. Environmental Impact Assessment and Impact and Benefit Agreements:  Creative Tension or Conflict? Paper presented at the 24th Annual Conference for the International Association for Impact Assessment, Vancouver.

Mackenzie Valley Environmental Impact Review Board. 2003.
Report of Environmental Assessment and Reasons for Decision on the De Beers Canada Mining Inc. Snap Lake Diamond Project. Yellowknife: MVEIRB.

Nikiforuk, A. 1997.
The Nasty Game: The Failure of Environmental Assessment in Canada.

O'Faircheallaigh, C. 2009. Understanding Corporate-Indigenous Agreements on Mineral Development: A Conceptual Framework. Paper presented at Rethinking Extractive Industry, York University, Toronto. March 5-7, 2009.

Prno, J. 2007.
Assessing the effectiveness of Impact and Benefit Agreements from the perspective of their Aboriginal signatories.  Presentation to research partners, June 8, Yellowknife, NWT.

Prno, J., B. Bradshaw and D. Lapierre 2010
Impact and Benefit Agreements: Are they working? Paper presented at the Canadian Institute of Mining, Metallurgy and Petroleum Annual Conference, Vancouver, British Columbia, May 11, 2010.

Public Policy Forum.  2005.  Sharing in the Benefits of Resource Developments: A   Study of First Nations-Industry Impact Benefits Agreements; Ottawa; Public Policy Forum.

Sosa, I., & Keenan, K. 2001. Impact Benefit Agreements between Aboriginal Communities and Mining Companies: their use in Canada.

Sub-committee of the Intergovernmental Working Group on the Mineral Industry. 1994. Report on Aboriginal Participation in Mining: Fifth Annual Report.

Telewiak, R. 2001. The Raglan Nickel Mine: What comes after an Impact/Benefits Agreement (IBA)? In Aboriginal Engagement and Sustainability.

Wismer, S. 1996. The nasty game: how environmental assessment is failing aboriginal communities in Canada's north.

Wolfe, W.J. 2001.
Socio-Economic Impact Agreements in Canada 1990-2001: Aboriginal Expectations Meet Conventional Legal, Financial, and Business Practices. Practitioneres and Developers Association of Canada, Toronto.

Land Claims where similar agreements are mentioned:

Gwich'in Land Claim Settlement Act, S.C. 1992, c. 53.
Gwich'in Comprehensive Land Claim Agreement. 1992.

The James Bay and Northern Quebec Native Claims Settlement Act, S.C. 1977, c. 32.
James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement and Complementary Agreements. 1975.

Nunavut Land Claims Agreement Act, S.C. 1993, c. 29.
Nunavut Land Claims Agreement. 1993.

Sahtu Dene and Métis Land Claim Settlement Act, S.C. 1994, c. 27.
Sahtu Dene and Métis Comprehensive Land Claim Agreement. 1994.

Tlicho Land Claims and Self-Government Act, S.C. 2004, c. 14.
Tlicho Agreement. 2003.

Western Arctic (Inuvialuit) Claims Settlement Act, S.C. 1984, c. 24.
Western Arctic (Inuvialuit) Land Claims Agreement. 1984.

For more agreements, see the "Agreements" page from Indian and Northern Affairs

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